Dawood-Miandad Match at Grand Hyatt
Low Profile Marriage of High Profile Cricket - Mafia Couple well attended by FBI, RAW, M-19 and Papparazis and Journalists.. 70 politicians send gifts and greetings to the don through hawala..
Even though his covert business empire must have been operating, the don cannot operate freely as it used be in the good old days. The Americans Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Interpol and the British M-16 Intelligence were monitoring the marriage venue, airports and other hotels. Because of the
Many eyebrows were raised when the marriage news between a don’s daughter and the former
Dawood.. Big Celebs Abstain...
Many celebrities would have liked to participate in the don’s daughter’s marriage as their growth charts are linked to the bhai connection. A lot of petrodollars have been invested in Bollywood through the don and the occasional film and stage shows involving celebrity stars indicate the continued links with the
Interpol, FBI.. R AW deal..
The Grand Hyatt Hotel did not show any signs of a high profile marriage reception till when some guests started coming in from different directions. Apparently most of the guests were staying in the hotel and it is learned that the hotel staff was changed or reshuffled just before the marriage reception. It could be to facilitate easy monitoring of the marriage venue by International police ((Interpol) and the Indian intelligence agencies scanning each and every room of the hotel to ensure that the don is not around. The hotel staff, security and even the sweepers was tight lipped. Private guards were in control of the cameras which filmed the event. It is said that outsiders replaced regular hotel employees to maintain complete secrecy and efforts to contact some of the known employees in the Grand Hyatt did not succeed as their mobiles were switched off. It is heard that a special satellite arrangement was made to ensure that Interpol and Indian agencies could see what was happening in the marriage hall. One source said about 30 security cameras were installed in the marriage hall and the ceremony was live telecast to the Interpol and Indian investigative agencies to show that the don was not present in the marriage reception venue. Some reports suggest that the don was in control of the situation through video conferencing and telephones. The hotel authorities have all right to obey the customer’s requirement or they will lose substantial business. The marriage is the responsibility of bride and reception is held by the Miandad family. However, they gave all facilities to the investigative agencies to monitor the scene.
It is reported that the marriage party booked many rooms in the upper floors of the hotel near the lifts. As the author was legally staying in the hotel by booking a room through proper procedures, there was no reason why they could show him the exit door. However, some journalists who penetrated the marriage hall were detected, as the security cameras were scanning people’s movement everywhere. It is probable that Dawood could be hiding anywhere in the city with high tech security systems like electronic keys and closed circuit televisiion monitoring. However, no trace of the don was seen at the Grand Hyatt because the Interpol was scanning the hotel.
No one can blame the Dubai Government for allowing a marriage, a social event, to take place in a private hotel in the city.
It was unlikely that the Indian authorities would have given visa to its own citizens to attend the marriage, if it was held in
"Javad Miandad hails from the Sehgal family which is quite influential in
Sheikhs Avoid Problems with the Dons..
One reason why the UAE authorities who have been cooperating with the US War on Terrorism reluctantly allowed the marriage to happen in Grand Hyatt was the high level contacts that the cricketer and don have developed over the years. More important reason is the Sheikhdom's desire to avoid any law and order problem in the Emirate, where multibilion projects and business worth billions and trillions are at stake. The shoot out that killed the Chotta Rajan gang in the Indian social club had created enough damage which no one wants to be repeated again. There are occasions when the gang members arrested in the Gulf were released under pressure from the don, who sometimes threatened even the higher officials about the negative fall out of arresting or deporting their gang members to
Times Says Dawood visited
The Times of India reported on July 10 that Dawood himself had flown to
One report said the Indian agencies have tracked seventy politicians, gang leaders, film celebrities, industrialists, diamond merchants and underworld associates who have send greetings and expensive gifts through the unofficial hawala route. Gifts have been routed through a host of countries including the US, Australia, South Africa, Britain, and Nepal to reach the couple at pre-designated address in Dubai from where they will be send to Dawood together with named greetings. These politicians from the Ruling Congress, NCP, RJD, Samajwadi party and regional groups could not attend the wedding in
KM Editor Covers Dawood-Miandad Marriage for Star News Channel
It is with great pleasre that KM can inform our visitors that V.M.Sathish, (KM editor) journalist has been credited with the coverage of underworld don Dawood Ibrahim's daughter with the former Pakistani cricket captain's elder son. This reporter stayed in the Hotel for two days to report the event for Star News, the leading News channel from
. The much talked about wedding of Pakistani cricketer`s son with the underworld don Dawood Ibrahim's daughter has been the centre of media focus all around the world. Almost all the leading Indian Television channels were present in front of Banias Ball Room, Grand Hyatt Hotel to get a glimpse of the most wanted underworld don, Dawood Sheikh Ibrahim. Mr. and Mrs.Dawood Ibrahim send out invitations to attend the marriage reception of their eldest daughter many celebrities had second thoughts whether to be part of the celebrations as nobody would like to invite trouble from the Interpol, Indian intelligence agencies like the CBI, Research and Analysis Wing and other law enforcement agencies, that have been eagerly waiting for the D-Day to crack down the D-Company Chief Executive Officer, Dawood Ibrahim. Even though he is known as a notorious criminal and underworld don, Dawood is also a father, husband and an ordinary human being. It was a challenging assignment when Star News Bureau Chief's called at the eleventh hour to cover the most sought after couple of the season and peep into the marriage hall to see whether any celebrities are present there to create sensational news stories for the Indian viewers. It was a real challenging assignment to be around looking for news, amidst security agencies, intelligence officials and the dons own people viewing everything through a closed circuit television network within the hotel complex. Even though the Papparazi style journalism is impossible in
Classic Labourers Supply Company Promises Gold, No Cash
A report by the Khaleej Times said the Classic Labour Supply Company, run by a leading Malayali businessman who owns Viswas Jewellery has satisfied about 3,000 workers by offering to sell gold from the new jewellery outlet rather than Dirahms for their monthly salary. As earlier reported by media about the unfair labour practices in Keith International, Classic has no such problem, except may be a temporary cash crunch. Or the managers are doing an indirect way of boosting the new gold venture. According to Khaleej Times, over 3000 construction workers belonging to Sharjah-based Classic Labourers Supply Company staged a protest against payment of wages in gold in lieu of cash the company owed them. ..The labourers told Khaleej Times that the owner of the company owned Viswas Gold Shop at New Gold Centre in
Nakheel appoints GM for
Sold on a freehold basis to investors who will develop each plot within Nakheel’s guidelines, the towers will be clustered and surrounded by lakes, landscaped gardens and waterways.Fahad joined Nakheel in January 2001 as a constriction engineer, immediately beginning work on The Gardens – Nakheel’s hugely successful first development. Fahad joined the team during the beginning of the construction stage and helped to ensure that the project was delivered on time and within budget. After this successful spell, Fahad successfully worked on Nakheel’s Ibn Battuta Mall during the first phase of construction, before moving to work on Discovery Gardens where he was responsible for injecting significant speed into the construction progress. Fahad has also worked closely with government authorities to facilitate the procedure to the benefit of Nakheel projects. Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem, Executive Chairman, Nakheel, said: “Fahad is a trusted and experienced member of the Nakheel team who has played a significant role in the success story of several of our projects - it’s no coincidence that projects such as The Gardens and Ibn Battuta Mall have defied all expectations. “It is with this excellent experience and expertise that I have been enabled to entrust Fahad with two important Nakheel projects –
Jean Claude Farah appointed as Regional Vice President
United Arab Emirates, 27th July 2005 – Western Union Financial Services Inc., a worldwide leader in money transfer services, announced the promotion of Jean Claude Farah to Regional Vice President, Middle East, Pakistan and Afghanistan from Director, Middle East, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Reporting to Hikmet Ersek, Senior Vice President, Europe, Middle East, Africa and South Asia in Vienna, Jean Claude Farah oversees two regional offices in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and Islamabad, Pakistan, managing a team of 26 seasoned professionals, covering 15 countries and over 5000 agent locations.Jean Claude Farah joined Western Union Financial Services in 1999 as Marketing Manager for Dubai’s office after stints as area manager for Orangina Pernod Ricard, France and assistant Marketing Manager for Renault.Jean Claude Farah, a French – Lebanese national, obtained an MBA from the Europe School of Management in Paris, France and a BA in Business Administration from St Joseph University in Lebanon. He has wide experience in business development, strategic planning and marketing.
PLEASE SEE THE SERIOUS PLAYING OF INTERNATIONAL CRIME RACKET OF SALEM AND DAWOOD IN THE JUDICIAL SERVICES LIST OF 2005 WHEREIN LATIKA RANA STAYING IN MY HOUSE NO. 1513,AS TENANT SINCE OCTOBER 2004 HAD ILLEGITIMATE RELATIONS WITH SURINDER KALRA WITH PERMISSION FROM HER PARENTS AND AFTER MY PUBLIC OUTCRY AT SAME VERY FILTHILY SHIFTED TO HOUSE NUMBER 1510.PLEASE CHECK OUT THE LIST AND SEE THAT PERSONS ARE BEING SELECTED ON MERIT OF NAMES WITHOUT BOOKS FULFILLING THE SELECTION QUOTA OF TUITION CENTRES OF MUKHERJEE NAGAR ,WORKING FOR THE SYNDICATE ,ISLAM AND ARYA SAMAJ WHEREIN HOMES ARE BEING BROKEN UP BY THE ILLEGAL SUPPLY OF WOMEN TO MEN IN THE SENIOR HIERARCHY OF BUREAUCRACY AND BANKS,MAKING THE PERSONNEL CHEAT BY GIVING BUILDER LOANS ,SPENDING THE DIRTY CASH IN GUPTA MALLS AND SO ON.
THE FILTH HOWEVER STARTS FROM YOUNG WOMEN OF MENIAL FAMILIES WHO HAVE NO KNOWLEDGE BUT HOT IN BED ,WORKING AS STOOGES FOR OLD MEN AND THE SYNDICATE OF TERROR OF PLO.
S.NO NAME OF THE CANDIDATE FATHER/HUSBAND NAME ROLL NO CATEGORY
1 ABDUL KADEER MANSOORI BAFATI M NSOORI 150630439
2 ABHINITAM DHARNIDHAR UPADHYAY 190630130
3 ABHISHEK PHUTELA JAGMOHAN PHUTELA 200630830
4 ABID SHAMIM SHAMIM RAZA 160630209
5 AJAI KUMAR RAO RAM BAHADUR RAO 110630277
6 AJAY KUMAR PRABHU SINGH 130630233
7 AJAY KUMAR KANSAL N K KANSAL 130630187
8 AJIT KUMAR JAIN CHAKRESH KUMAR JAIN 180630126
9 AJIT SINGH SURAJ BHAN 150630094
10 ALOK MALVIYA A K MALVIYA 110630228
11 ALOK RAJORIA RAGHUVIR PD SHARNA 190630132
12 ALOK SHUKLA GIRDHARI LAL SHUKLA 190630345
13 ALOK TIWARI ISHWAR NATH TIWARI 190630330
14 AMAN SAREEN K K SAREEN 110630342
16 AMIT KUMAR THAKUR CHAMAN SINGH THAKUR 120630158
17 AMIT SAHRAWAT RAGHUBIR SINGH 200630712
18 AMIT VEER SINGH CHANDRA VIR SINGH 140630486
19 ANAND KUMAR B K TEKRIWAL 150630398
20 ANIL KUMAR SANWARIA B
21 ANITA RAM MEHAR 120630177 SC
22 ANKIT GOEL ASHOK KUMAR GOEL 160630219
23 ANKUR PRAKASH J P NAGAR 130630524
24 ANMOL SINGH NAYAR NARINDER SINGH NAYAR 200630687
25 ANUJ AGRAWAL TRILOK CHAND AGRAWAL 120630179
26 ANUPAM KUMAR MISHRA VINAY KUMAR MISHRA 110630404
28 ARPITA DUARAH BIMAL DUARAH 160630120
29 ARUN KUMAR SH ROSHAN LAL 130630487
30 ASHEESH AUGUSTIN SHAWEL A C SHAWFL 180630774 ST
31 ASHISH AGGARWAL SATISH AGGARWAL 110630272
32 ASHISH DADHICH RAMESH DADHICH 120630042
33 ASHOK KUMAR VIJAY KUMAR 110630208
34 ASHOK KUMAR RAJENDER KUMAR 130630286
35 ASHUTOSH ARUN ARUN KUMAR PANCHALAR 150630020
36 ASIF IQBAL RIZVI MUNTZIR IMAM RIZVI 120630313
37 ATUL SINGH ARUN SINGH 130630172
38 BALRAJ SINGH MOHENDAR SINGH 170630516
39 BHANU PRATAP ARJUN
40 BHARAT BHUSHAN SURAJ LAL NEGI 140630388 ST
41 BHUPINDER SINGH HARPAL SINGH 120630461
S.NO NAME OF THE CANDIDATE FATHER/HUSBAND NAME ROLL NO CATEGORY
42 CHANDER JIT SINGH DHARAM PAL SINGH 170630512
43 COLETTE RASHMI KUJUR JEROME KUJUR 140630475 ST
44 DHARMENDER RANA SUBEY SINGH RANA 200630860
45 DHEERAJ MOR BALBIR SINGH MOR 110630335
46 DHIRU THAKUR R
48 GAURAV DUDEJA VIJAY DUDEJA 170630180
49 GAURAV SHARMA VARINDER SHARMA 150630262
50 GAURAV THAKUR H
51 GAURAV VIR SHRI KRISHAN LAL VIR 130630263
52 GAUTAM KANT NIMAAN KAILASH CHAND 110630153 SC
53 GEETA BHATTI PRAKASH SINGH BHATTI 170630520 SC
54 GIRISH TARA CHAND 110630440
55 GOMATI MANOCHA SUNDER SINGH 180630521
56 GURPREET KAUR JARNAIL SINGH 170630518 SC
57 GYANENDRA RAO RAMESH RAO 220900001
58 HARJYOT SINGH BHALLA GURKIRPAL S BHALLA 130630800
59 HEM RAJ PADAM CHAND 190630606 SC
60 ISHWAR SINGH SH DHARAM SINGH 170630164 SC
61 JAGDEEP SINGH BALBIR SINGH 130630741
62 JASWINDER SINGH BALBIR SINGH 200630829
63 JAYA KUMARI KEDIA JAGDISH PRASAD KEDIA 140630113
64 JOGENDER SINGH RAMPARSAD 180630789
65 KAILASH KUMAR BUDH SINGH 120630320 SC
66 KAMALAPATI KASHYAP UMAPATI CHOUDHARY 110630317
67 KAPIL BANATI JITENDER NATH BANATI 110630369
68 KARUNA SHARMA A K SHARMA 110630152
69 KHUSHTER DANISH MOHD GHALIB RASOOL 130630723
71 KUMAR KARTIKEYA S N TEWARY 200630006
72 LATIKA RANA Y P
73 MADHU BHATTI D S BHATTI 130630492
74 MANDEEP MITTAL KULDIP SINGH MITTAL 170630521
75 MANISH CHAUHAN RAMBIR SINGH 110630355
76 MANISH KHURANA JAGMOHAN LAL KHURANA 130630752
77 MOHD MUQEEM MOHD SALEEM 180630298
It is hereby notified for information all concerned that the Delhi Judicial Service Main Examination (Written) is scheduled to be held on 22nd, 23rd and 24th April, 2005 as per date-sheet and venue given below:-
DATE OF EXAMINATION
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(1) LAW PAPER (I) CIVIL LAW
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(3) LAW PAPER (II) CIVIL LAW
(4) ESSAY & GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
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(5) LAW PAPER (III) - CRIMINAL LAW
VENUE OF EXAMINATION:
Any candidate whose name has been shown/included in the list of short-listed 159 candidates, but has not received his/her Admit Card for the Main Examination till date should immediately contact Registrar (Vig.) High Court of Delhi,
HIGH COURT OF
It is hereby circulated for information of all concerned that in case any candidate does not receive his/her roll number with date sheet ten days before the commencement of the aforesaid examination, he must contact the Registrar (Admn.) instead of Registrar (Vig.) as notified in instruction at Sl. No. 8 appended to DJS Examination Form.
By Order of the Court
( RATTAN CHAND )
JOINT REGISTRAR (VIGILANCE)
NOTE: - MAIN EXAMINATION SHALL BE HELD ON 8TH &
IF ANY OF THE ABOVE DECLARED CANDIDATE DOES NOT RECEIVE THE ROLL NUMBER BY 30.08.2007 HE SHOULD COLLECT THE SAME PERSONALLY FROM JOINT REGISTRAR (VIG.) ROOM NO. 257-B, BLOCK – “B”,
KUNWAR BHANU PRATAP
KRISHAN KUMAR YADAV
NISHI KANT SETHI
LAKSHMAN KUMAR VERMA
CHANDER PAL SINGH
MAHINDER SINGH YADAV
DEA RAJ BANSAL
Dayanand Saraswati Biography
Swami Dayanand Saraswati's original name was Mool Shankar Tiwari. He was born on 12th February 1824 in Tankaranear Morvi(Morbi) in the Kathiawar ,
THIS WAS THE CRIMINAL PLANNING OF ISLAM OF BRITISHERS OF THE 1937 ARYA SAMAJ ACT WHO WANTED INDIA TO BE THEIR SLAVE FOREVER BY MISUSING THE LUST OF MEN.
13TH SAMSKARA IS OF MARRIAGE IN HINDUS AND THIS WAS MISUSED BY CRIMINAL ISLAM AND ARYA SAMAJ OF BRITISHERS AND THAT IS WHY DAYANAND WAS KILLED ON THE 31ST OF OCTOBER AND THAT ALSO DIWALI.
ARYA SAMAJ GRIEVES FOR DAYANAND ON DIWALI AND ITS FOLLOWERS CREATE SERIOUS UNHAPPINES FOR DEVOUT HINDUS ON THIS DAY.THAT IS WHY THE BOMB BLASTS OF 29TH OCTOBER 2005 WERE ENGINEERED BY THESE CRIMINALS AS NUMBER 5 IS IMPORTANT FOR HINDUS.
THESE CRIMINALS GET MORE PLEASURE IN SEX ;THE MORE THEY CREATE UNHAPPINESS FOR OTHERS.
ISLAM IS MISUSED ,FIRST WIFE TORTURED AS THE MAN HAS ACQUIRED CRIMINAL WEALTH AND A BRAND NEW FAMILY AND WITH EACH TORTURE OF FIRST WIFE THE FILTHY SECOND WIFE AND OLD MAN GET MASSIVE ORGASMS.
IN PSYCHIATRY IT IS CALLED SADISM.
The essential feature of sexual sadism is a feeling of sexual excitement resulting from administering pain, suffering, or humiliation to another person. The pain, suffering, or humiliation inflicted on the other is real; it is not imagined and may be either physical or psychological in nature. A person with a diagnosis of sexual sadism is sometimes called a sadist. The name of the disorder is derived from the proper name of the Marquis Donatien de Sade (1740-1814), a French aristocrat who became notorious for writing novels around the theme of inflicting pain as a source of sexual pleasure.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, also known as the DSM, is used by mental health professionals to give diagnoses of specific mental disorders. In the 2000 edition of this manual— the Fourth Edition, Text Revision, also known as DSM-IV-TR— sexual sadism is listed as one of several paraphilias. The paraphilias are a group of mental disorders characterized by obsession with unusual sexual practices or with sexual activity involving nonconsenting or inappropriate partners (such as children or animals). The paraphilias may include recurrent sexually arousing urges or fantasies as well as actual behaviors.
In addition to the sexual pleasure or excitement derived from inflicting pain and humiliation on another, a person diagnosed with sexual sadism often experiences significant impairment or distress in functioning due to actual sadistic behaviors or sadistic fantasies.
With regard to actual sadistic behavior, the person receiving the pain, suffering, or humiliation may or may not be a willing partner. Whether or not the partner is consenting, it is the very real suffering they are experiencing that is arousing to the sadist. When the sexual activity is consensual, the behavior is sometimes referred to as sadomasochism. The consenting partner may be given a diagnosis of sexual masochism. Like sadism, masochism is a term derived from a proper name; in this instance, from Leopold von Sacher-Masoch (1836-1895), an Austrian novelist who described the disorder in his books.
The sadistic acts performed or fantasized by a person with sadism often reflect a desire for sexual or psychological domination of another person. These acts range from behavior that is not physically harmful although it may be humiliating to the other person (such as being urinated upon), to criminal and potentially deadly behavior. Acts of domination may include restraining or imprisoning the partner through the use of handcuffs, cages, chains, or ropes. Other acts and fantasies related to sexual sadism include paddling, spanking, whipping, burning, beating, administering electrical shocks, biting, urinating or defecating on the other person, cutting, rape, murder, and mutilation.
In extreme cases, sexual sadism can lead to serious injury or death for the other person. According to the DSM these catastrophic results are more likely when the paraphilia is diagnosed as severe, and when it is associated with antisocial personality disorder, a personality disorder that may include psychotic symptoms.
Causes and symptoms
There is no universally accepted cause or theory explaining the origin of sexual sadism, or of sadomasochism. Some researchers attempt to explain the presence of sexual paraphilias in general as the result of biological factors. Evidence for this viewpoint comes from abnormal findings from neuropsychological and neurological tests of sex offenders.
Some researchers believe that paraphilias are related to such other problems as brain injury, schizophrenia, or another mental disorder. Often, people with sexual disorders or symptoms of paraphilia are diagnosed with other mental disorders.
Another theory about paraphilias is derived from learning theory. It suggests that paraphilias develop because the person is required to suppress, or squelch, inappropriate sexual fantasies. Because the fantasies are not acted out initially, the urge to carry them out increases. When the person finally acts upon the fantasies, they are in a state of considerable distress and/or arousal. This theory is not accepted by forensic experts at the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and other researchers who study sexual offenses. Rather than suppressing fantasies, most people who are eventually arrested for crimes involving sexual sadism begin with milder forms of acting on them and progressing to more harmful ways of acting out. For example, the FBI's database indicates that these people— almost always males— start out by collecting pornographic materials that depict sadistic acts, or they may draw ropes and chains on the photographs of models in swimsuit or lingerie advertisements. They then typically progress to following women at a distance, to hiring a prostitute in order to act out the fantasy, and to asking a girlfriend or other willing partner to cooperate with their fantasy. In other words, the severity of sadistic acts tends to increase over time.
Individuals with sexual sadism derive sexual excitement from physically or psychologically administering pain, suffering, and/or humiliation to another person, who may or may not be a consenting partner.
They may experience distressed or impaired functioning because of the sadistic behaviors or fantasies. This distress or impairment may be due to the fact that the partner is not consenting.
Although sadistic sexual fantasies often begin in the person's childhood, the onset of active sexual sadism typically occurs during early adult life. When actual sadistic behavior begins, it will often continue on a chronic course for people with this disorder, especially if they do not seek help.
Sexual sadism with consenting partners is much more common than with nonconsensual partners. When consenting partners are involved, the sadist and the masochist may be either male or female. When non-consenting partners are involved, the sadist is almost always a male.
Sadomasochism involving consenting partners is not considered rare or unusual in the United States. It often occurs outside of the realm of a mental disorder. Fewer people consider themselves sadistic than masochistic.
The diagnosis of sexual sadism is complicated by several factors, beginning with the fact that most persons with the disorder do not enter therapy voluntarily. Some are referred to treatment by a court order. Some are motivated by fear of discovery by employers or family members, and a minority enter therapy because their wife or girl friend is distressed by the disorder. The diagnosis of sexual sadism is based on the results of a psychiatrist's interview with the patient. In some cases, a person with sexual sadism may be referred to a specialized clinic for the treatment of sexual disorders. In the clinic, he will be given questionnaires intended to measure the presence and extent of cognitive distortions regarding rape and other forms of coercion, aggression, and impulsivity.
DSM-IV-TR criteria for sexual sadism include recurrent intense sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving real acts in which another person is suffering psychological or physical suffering, pain, and humiliation. The victim's suffering, pain, and humiliation cause the person with sexual sadism to become aroused. The fantasies, urges, or behaviors must be present for at least six months.
The diagnostic criteria also require either that the person has acted on these urges or fantasies with a nonconsenting person, or that the person has experienced noticeable distress or interpersonal problems because of these urges or fantasies.
Sexual sadism must be differentiated from normal sexual arousal, behavior, and experimentation. Some forms of mild aggression, such as "love bites" or scratching, are within the range of normal behavior during sexual intercourse. Sadism should also be differentiated from sadomasochistic behavior that involves only mild pain and/or the simulation of more dangerous pain. When these factors are present, a diagnosis of sexual sadism is not necessarily warranted.
Other mental disorders, such as the psychotic disorders, may include elements of sadism or other paraphilias. For example, patients with psychotic symptoms may perform sadistic acts for reasons other than sexual excitement. In these cases, an additional diagnosis of sexual sadism is not warranted.
Persons diagnosed with sexual sadism may have other sexual disorders or paraphilias. Some individuals, especially males, have diagnoses of both sexual sadism and sexual masochism.
Behavior therapy is often used to treat paraphilias. This approach to treatment may include the management and conditioning of arousal patterns and masturbation. Therapies involving cognitive restructuring and social skills training are also often utilized.
Medication may be used to reduce fantasies and behavior relating to paraphilias. This form of treatment is especially recommended for people who exhibit sadistic behaviors that are dangerous to others. The medications that may be used include female hormones (most commonly medroxyprogesterone acetate, or MPA), which speed up the clearance of testosterone from the bloodstream; antiandrogen medications, which block the body's uptake of testosterone; and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs.
Nonconsensual sadistic behavior often leads to problems with the criminal justice system. Issues related to legal problems may impair or delay the patient's treatment. Persons with sexual sadism may be reluctant to seek or continue treatment because they fear being reported to the police or being named in a lawsuit by an unwilling partner.
Treatment of sexual sadism may also be complicated by health problems related to sexual behavior. Sexually transmitted diseases and other medical problems may be present, especially when the sadistic behavior involves the release of blood or other body fluids.
Because of the chronic course of sexual sadism and the uncertainty of its causes, treatment is often difficult. The fact that many sadistic fantasies are socially unacceptable or unusual leads many people who may have the disorder to avoid or drop out of treatment. Treating a paraphilia is often a sensitive subject for many mental health professionals. Severe or difficult cases of sexual sadism should be referred to a specialized clinic for the treatment of sexual disorders or to professionals with experience in treating such cases.
As was noted previously, acts of sexual sadism tend to grow more violent or bizarre over time. As males with the disorder grow older, however, their ability to commit such acts begins to decrease. Sexual sadism is rarely diagnosed in men over 50.
Because it is sometimes unclear whether sadomasochistic behavior is within the realm of normal experimentation or indicative of a diagnosis of sexual sadism, prevention is a tricky issue. Often, prevention refers to managing sadistic behavior so it never involves non-consenting individuals and it primarily involves the simulation of pain and not real pain.
Also, because fantasies and urges originating in childhood or adolescence may form the basis for sadomasochistic behavior in adulthood, prevention is made difficult. People may be very unwilling to divulge their urges and discuss their sadistic fantasies.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th edition, text revised. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association,2000.
Andreasen, Nancy C., M.D., Ph.D., and Donald W. Black, M.D. Introductory Textbook of Psychiatry. Third edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.,2000.
Baxter, Lewis R., Jr., M.D. and Robert O. Friedel, M.D., eds. Current Psychiatric Diagnosis & Treatment. Philadelphia: Current Medicine, 1999.
Douglas, John, and Mark Olshaker. Mindhunter: Inside the FBI's Elite Serial Crime Unit. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.
Ebert, Michael H., Peter T. Loosen, and Barry Nurcombe, eds. Current Diagnosis & Treatment in Psychiatry. New York: Lange Medical Books, 2000.
Ali Fahmy, Ph.D.
As a child Dayanand was brought up under the strictest Brahmin rule, and at the age of eight was invested with the Sacred Thread (Upanayna). When he was fourteen his father took him to the temple on the occasion of Shivaratri. Dayanand had to fast and keep awake the whole night in obedience to Lord Shiva. In the night he saw a rat nibbling the offerings to the God and running over Shiva's body. He tried to find out from elders why this "God Almighty" could not defend himself against the menace of a petty mice, for which he was rebuked. This incident shattered Daya Nand Saraswati's faith in the idol worship and thereafter he refused to participate in the religious rites for the rest of his life.
At the age of nineteen Dayanand Saraswati ran away from home to escape from a forced marriage. He was caught and imprisoned. He fled again in1845. For fifteen years he wandered all over the country in the search of a guru. In 1860, he found his guru and mentor Swami Virjanand Saraswati at Mathura. He was blind. Dayanand Saraswati underwent rigorous training under Swami Virjanand Saraswati. Virjanand Saraswati gave him the name Dayanand and as gurudakshina extracted promise from Dayanand that he would devote his life for revival of Hinduism.
Dayanand Saraswati undertook a tour of the entire county, made fiery speeches condemning the caste system, idolatry, and child marriages. He advocated the ideal age for a girl to be between 16 and 24, and for men between 25 and 40. Dayanand Saraswati was the first leader in the field of theology who welcomed the advances of sciences and technology. To him, the Vedas as the source book contain the seed of science, and to him, the Vedas advocate the philosophy of dynamic realism.
Dayanand Saraswati founded Arya Samaj in Mumbai in 1875 to promote social service. Arya Samaj, postulates in principle equal justice for all men and all nations, together with equality of the sexes. It repudiates a hereditary caste system, and only recognizes professions or guilds, suitable to the complementary aptitudes of men in society. He gave new interpretations to reform the stagnant Hindu thought through his book "Satyaprakash" (The Light of Truth). He profusely quoted the vedas and other religious texts to insist that salvation was not the only motto of a Hindu or Arya, as was believed. To lead a fruitful worldly life, working for a noble cause was important, and he preached that salvation was possible through social service.
In course of his travels he came to Kashi (Benaras). Here he took part in a debate with the scholars of Kashi. The question was whether the Vedas approved image worship. On the one side was Swami Dayananda all alone; on the other side were twenty-seven distinguished scholars of Kashi.The scholars had to accept defeat in the face of Dayananda's arguments. Just then a scholar came up with two sheets of paper and asked a question. Dayananda picked up the sheets and began to read. While he was still reading they began to shout that he could not answer the question. Dayananda protested that he needed to read before he could reply. But the scholars would not listen. They proclaimed that he had "failed". But the Press faithfully reported what had actually gone on. The official version of events simply did not wash, and Dayananda became a national figure.
Due to his radical thought, Swami Dayanand had acquired enemies from all spheres of life. On the occasion of Deepavali in 1883, he was a guest of the maharaja of Jodhpur. The king was a womanizer and Dayanand advised the king to lead a righteous life as a ruler, upsetting a mistress by the name of Nanhi Jan. One day when the Maharaja and this woman were together, Dayananda happened upon them. Seeing them together, Dayananda boldly reprimanded the Maharaja thus, "Oh King, what is this I see? A lion in the company of a she-dog? This is unbefitting of an Arya. Your duty is like that of a father to his children. Your people look up to Ou for protection and guidance. But Ou are keeping the company of a street bitch and bringing defame to Our name, Our family, and the human race. Throw away Our selfish and degrading habits! Awaken from the coma of ignorance and hearken to the call of Our soul! You are Arya Putra, a son of God--be true to Our name and stand on Our own two feet like a man of God! Stop making excuses for Our selfish habits and leave these crutches of Our ego! You are not a four-legged animal--then why do Ou cuddle at the feet of this fallen mother, like a little puppy dog? Utishtha! Arise and be true to Our nature--follow Our Dharma like Our forefathers; polish and preserve Our character and become a shining gem in the crown of the Almighty."
The Maharaja felt ashamed and broke off all contact with this woman.
She bribed Dayananda's cook to poison him. One evening when Dayananda was about to go to bed he brought him a glass of milk containing poison and ground glass. Dayananda took the glass of milk and went to sleep only to wake up later with a burning sensation. He realized immediately that he had been poisoned and attempted to purge his digestive system of the poisonous substance, but it was too late. The poison had already entered his blood stream.
Dayananda was bedridden and suffered excruciating pain. Many doctors came to treat him but all was in vain. His body was covered all over with large bleeding sores.
On seeing Dayananda's suffering the cook was overcome with unbearable guilt and remorse. He confessed his crime to Dayananda. Dayananda forgave him and gave him a bag of money and told him to flee the country lest he be found out and executed by the Maharaja's men.
Dayananda Saraswati died on
NOTE: - MAIN EXAMINATION SHALL BE HELD ON 8TH &
IF ANY OF THE ABOVE DECLARED CANDIDATE DOES NOT RECEIVE THE ROLL NUMBER BY 30.08.2007 HE SHOULD COLLECT THE SAME PERSONALLY FROM JOINT REGISTRAR (VIG.) ROOM NO. 257-B, BLOCK – “B”,
(Published in Delhi Gazette (Extra), Part IV, No. 90, dated August 27, 1970)
No.F.1 (1)/70-Judicial (ii) – In exercise of the powers conferred by the proviso to Article 309 of the Constitution read with the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affair’s notification No.1/2/70-Dh (S), dated the 29th May, 1970, as amended by notification No.F.1/2/70-Dh (S), dated the 25th July, 1970, and all other powers enabling him in this behalf, the Lieutenant-Governor of Delhi in consultation with the High Court of Delhi, is pleased to make the following rules, namely –
(1) No person who has more than one wife living shall be eligible for appointment to the service:
Provided that the Administrator may, if satisfied that there are special grounds for doing so, exempt any person from the operation of this sub-rule.
(2) No woman who is married to any person who has a wife living shall be eligible for appointment to the service.
Provided that the Administrator may, if he is satisfied that there are special grounds for doing so, exempt any such woman from the operation of this sub-rule.
NOW PLEASE SEE ABOUT WHAT WAS HAPPENING IN BIHAR
STATE OF BIHAR & ANR.
BAL MUKUND SAH & ORS.
DATE OF JUDGMENT:
S.B.Majumdar, G.B.Pattanaik, V.N.Khare, U.C.Banerjee,R.P.SethI
Leave granted in Special Leave Petition No.16476 of
Article 136 of the Constitution of India, are moved by the
appeals. In Civil Appeal No.9072 of 1996 the Secretary,
Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms,
companion appeal arising from the Special Leave Petition No.
16476 of 1993, the other contesting appellant is the Special
Executive Officer-cum-Deputy Secretary,
of law arises for consideration, namely, whether the
Legislature of the appellant State of
enact the Bihar Reservation of Vacancies in Posts and
Services (for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other
Backward Classes) Act, 1991 (hereinafter referred to as the
Act), in so far as Section 4 thereof sought to impose
reservation for direct recruitment to the posts in the
Judiciary of the State, subordinate to the High Court of
posts in the lower judiciary at the grass-root level,
governed by the provisions of the Bihar Judicial Service
(Recruitment) Rules, 1955. Civil Appeal No.9072 of 1996
deals with the question of reservation in the posts in
District Judiciary while the companion appeal deals with the
posts in Subordinate Judiciary at grass-root level under the
District Courts concerned. By the impugned judgment in
Civil Appeal No.9072 of 1996, a Division Bench of the High
Court has struck down the terms of the advertisement,
reserving amongst others, 27 out of 54 posts of District
Judges to be filled in by direct recruitment, being ultra
vires the relevant provisions of Article 233 of the
provisions made in the impugned advertisement fixing up the
upper age limit at 45 years for eligibility for appointment
by way of direct recruitment to these posts. That part of
the controversy no longer survives between the parties in
the present proceedings and, therefore, we need not dilate
on the same. So far as the companion appeal is concerned,
the main judgment was rendered by the Division Bench of the
High Court holding that the aforesaid Act as well as the
earlier Ordinance which preceded the same in so far as they
sought to apply the scheme of reservation of posts for
governing recruitment of persons other than the District
Judges to the Judicial Service of the State were ultra vires
Article 234 of the Constitution. As the controversies
involved in these appeals have to be resolved in the light
of the relevant Constitutional scheme, by an earlier Order
listed before a Constitution Bench. Subsequently in view of
the statement made by learned counsel that the matter could
be disposed of by a Bench of three Judges, the matters were
directed to be placed before a three-Judge Bench by an order
this Court by its order dated
the matters raised questions regarding interpretation of
provisions of Articles 233, 234 and 309 of the Constitution
and hence it would be appropriate that they are heard by the
Constitution Bench. That is how these matters have been
placed before this Constitution Bench under the directions
of Honble the Chief Justice of
deal with the rival contentions of learned counsel for the
respective parties in support of their cases, it becomes
necessary to note a few introductory facts. Facts leading
to Civil Appeal No.9072 of 1996: This Court, by its order
1992 in State of
quashed the earlier advertisement for filling up the
vacancies of Additional District Judges in the District
Judicial Service of Bihar and directed the appellant State
to fill up the same through a fresh advertisement.
In the mean time, it appears that as the High Court had not agreed to the suggestion of the State authorities to have reservation in the posts of District Judges for reserved category of candidates and had insisted on proceedingwith
the recruitment as per the 1951 Rules, styled as the Bihar Superior Judicial Service Rules, 1951, which were framed by the Governor of Bihar in exercise of the powers conferred by the proviso to Article 309 read with Article 233 of the
Constitution of India and which Rules did not provide for any such reservation, the Governor of Bihar issued the impugned Ordinance which subsequently became the impugned Act by which the scheme of 50% reservations for reserved category of candidates was directed to be applied while effecting direct recruitment to the posts concerned. On
By a communication dated 5th April, 1994, the High Court informed the authorities concerned that no reservation of posts in the district cadre could be implemented and while making appointments from the members of the Bar for direct recruitment, preference may be given to the Scheduled Caste (for short SC) and Scheduled Tribe (for short ST) candidates who are of equal merit with general category candidates.
that there are 54 vacancies in the district cadre which had
to be filled up. The State Government, however, issued the
impugned advertisement of
the available vacancies of District Judges were sought to be
filled in from reserved category of candidates and the
remaining 50% posts thereof, i.e. 27, were to be filled in
by the open category candidates. It is this advertisement
which was challenged by the writ petitioners before the High
Court. The High Court, by the impugned judgment as noted
earlier, has allowed the writ petition and quashed the
condition of reservation sought to be imposed by the
Facts leading to Civil Appeal arising out of S.L.P.(C)
No.16476 of 1993: By a proposal dated
the appellant-State consulted the Bihar Public Service
Commission regarding making provision for reservation of
posts in the Subordinate Judicial Service for reserved
category of candidates. The said proposal of the
appellant-State was also placed for consideration of the
High Court but it was not accepted by the High Court by its
the impugned Ordinances, being 33 and 34 of 1991, which were
followed by the impugned Act. The original writ
petitioners, who had already appeared at the competitive
examination in April, 1991 moved the High Court challenging
the Ordinances and the latter Act in so far as the scheme of
50% reservation of posts for direct recruitment at grass
root level of the State Judiciary was concerned. As noted
earlier, the aforesaid writ petition was allowed and relief
was granted against the appellants. Rival contentions:
Dr.Dhavan, learned senior counsel appearing for the
appellant-State in Civil Appeal No.9072 of 1996, at the
outset, contended that the impugned Act, especially Section
4 thereof, is wrongly held by the High Court to be not
applicable to Judicial Services of the State. He contended
that Judicial Services especially, the Subordinate Judiciary
comprising of district cadre and the cadre of Judges below
the same were part and parcel of the Public Services of the
State and, therefore, on the express terminology of the Act,
Section 4 thereof, became directly applicable to the
recruitment of judicial officers both at the district level
as well as at the level of Subordinate Judiciary below it.
Alternatively, it was submitted that even assuming that the
Act did not apply on its own language, even then, it has to
be held that the State Legislature was perfectly competent
to enact provisions regarding reservation of posts in
Judicial Services of the State in the light of Article 16(4)
of the Constitution of India read with the relevant entry 41
in list II of Seventh Schedule to Constitution. He also
posed the moot question whether the State Legislature has
independent power to enact any provisions regarding
reservation in connection with appointment in Judiciary when
such reservation, after consultation with the High Court,
could not get reflected in the relevant Rules framed by the
Governor under Article 309 read with Articles 233 and 234 of
the Constitution of
relevant Constitutional scheme was pressed in service. It
was submitted that on a correct interpretation of Article
309 the State Legislature as well as the Governor had ample
jurisdiction to make provision for reservation in connection
with Judicial Service. Under the said Article, paramount
power in this connection has been vested in the State
Legislature. He then referred to Articles 233 and 234 in
connection with Subordinate Judiciary and placed emphasis on
Article 236 (b) defining the expression Judicial Service
as a service consisting exclusively of persons intended to
fill the post of District Judge and other civil judicial
posts inferior to the post of District Judge.
He submitted that all that the opening part of Article 309 provides is to the effect that, while making appointments to the cadre of District Judges or Subordinate Judges of lower judiciary, as per Articles 233 and 234, consultation of the Governor with the High Court is necessary. That apart, from these latter two Articles there is no fetter on the power of the State Legislature to enact appropriate legislation in this
connection under Article 309. He invited our attention to List II entry 41 of the Seventh Schedule for submitting that the State Legislature is competent to make enactment in connection with appointments to Public Services and
Judicial Service is also a Public Service of the State. He further submitted that the first part of Article 309 does not attract Article 234 so far as State Legislatures paramount powers are concerned.
KITCHEN VENDETTA ON THE PIOUS AND THE POWERFUL BY HEINOUS ARYA SAMAJ OF BRITAIN WHO BELIEVE THAT JESUS WENT TO HELL IN 1937.
DABBA LOGIC OF THE FAITHFUL WIVES SERVING IN KITCHENS AVENGED BY A MUSLIM NANHI JAAN OR THE SMALLER PROSTITUTE WIFE AS WIVES ARE KILLED MEDICALLY BY ARYA SAMAJ.
Degrees of Separation
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover also shared his views. At one time he had been passed a news release that showed Time magazine had nominated Dr King "Man of the Year" in 1962. Hoover scribbled in the margin, "They had to dig deep in the garbage to come up with this one." On one occasion, Hoover was heard to say at a press conference: "King is one of the lowest characters in the country."
There is a story to the effect that J. Edgar Hoover’s distaste for "the Left" was so great, that he once ordered his chauffeur to drive from Dallas to Austin without taking any left turns.
Sometime late in the afternoon of that April day, Dr King was visited by his good friend Dr Ralph Abernathy. Just before they left to go out for dinner, King stepped out on the balcony of room 306 of the Lorraine Motel and as he lent over the veranda rail to talk to his driver, he was shot through the right cheek by a 30.06 rifle bullet, which severed his spine and exited through his chest in a hole big enough for a man to put both fists through
Four days after King was killed, John McFerren, a black man, reported to the FBI in Memphis, that he had overheard a telephone conversation prior to the day of the murder, in which the speaker had said: "….kill the SOB on the balcony. You will get your $5000… don’t come here, go to New Orleans and get your money." The man on the telephone was identified as one of the owners of Liberto, Liberto and Latch Produce Store. He was Frank Liberto, brother of Salvatore "Jack" Liberto, the man who attended the Churchill Farms conference on September 11, 1962 with Carlos, Becker and Ruppolo.
According to a New Orleans-based journalist William Sartor, James Earl Ray, the alleged killer of Dr. King, had attended a meeting at either The Town and Country Motel or the Provincial Motel, another New Orleans mob hangout, on December 17, 1967. At this meeting were Charley Stein, Salavatore "Sam" DiPiazza, Lucas Dileo and Salvatore LaCharda. These men were either associates or in some way connected to Carlos Marcello. Later, Ray claimed he left New Orleans on December 19 with $2500 in cash and the promise of a further $12,000 to "do a big job, early in the new year."
In 1979, the House Select Committee on Assassinations confirmed the mob ties of the men and their links to Marcello. In 1961, a FBI intelligence report disclosed that William Hugh Mavis, a prominent Klan member and imperial wizard, had told a Klan gathering in October that racial problems in the South would only be eliminated by the murder of Dr. King, and that he had "underworld associates who would kill anyone for a price."
Salvatore Liberto was heavily involved in the New Orleans Mafia-dominated produce markets and Sam DiPiazza was a king hitter in the gambling outlets of Marcello’s empire. It was not beyond the realm of possibility that Marcello funded Ray as he stalked Dr. King through the South in the months leading up to April 4.
The House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded that there was a 95% probability King was killed by a conspiracy. In 1993, a man called Lloyd Jowers went on the Prime Time Live television show and stated that he hired the killer of Dr. King as a favour to New Orleans mob boss Carlo Marcello, who in turn was doing it as a favour for J. Edgar Hoover. He was adamant that the killer was not James Earl Ray.
Hoover, who was no doubt delighted at the murder of King, was happy to let the case rest with Ray, who like Oswald five years earlier, may well have been a killer on the day, but not the only one involved in the killing of an American icon.
Hoover’s direction of the investigation of the assassination of Dr. King was so inept that the House Select Committee on Assassinations delivered in its final report the harshest critique ever levelled at him and his agency. In part, it said: "in regards to the conduct of the FBI towards the civil rights leader prior to his murder, it was morally reprehensible, illegal, felonious and unconstitutional."
The FBI file on Dr. King consists of some 93 volumes that contain over 6000 articles and exhibits. It's hard to believe they could get it so wrong.
In May, 1968, as Robert Kennedy was getting into first gear in his run as Democratic candidate for the presidency, Jimmy Hoffa ex-teamster boss was in prison in the federal penitentiary in Lewisburg. He was overheard discussing a plot to kill Robert Kennedy with Carmine Galante, the feared underboss of the Bonanno crime family of New York. There were rumours of a $750,000 Mafia contract out on Kennedy should he receive the Democratic nomination.
There was no doubt that if Robert Kennedy became president, he a) would re-open the investigation on his brother’s death, and b) rejuvenate his efforts to destroy organized crime.
Carlos Marcello had remained good friends with L.A. mobster Mickey Cohen since they both had appeared before the McClellan hearings. By 1968, Cohen was in prison, having waged a full-scale war with the Dragna family for control of the rackets in Los Angeles, including the major racetracks that were all hooked into the Marcello’ s wire service and bookie network.
Sirhan Sirhan, the alleged killer of Robert Kennedy, worked as a groom at the Santa Anita race track controlled by Cohen, who had also been a close friend of Jack Ruby, the gangster who shot Oswald dead. Ruby was part of the Civello set-up in Dallas that was controlled by Marcello. That Robert Kennedy’s brother was himself shot dead in a city that was controlled by a close friend of Carlos Marcello, who was more than likely the immediate boss of the man who shot the man who shot the president, has to be surely more than just a coincidence.
Robert Kennedy was shot and fatally wounded as he was walking through the kitchen of the Ambassador Hotel, in Los Angeles. His alleged killer fired all eight rounds from his .22 calibre revolver, wounding at least five other people. The fatal wound to Kennedy occurred behind his right ear from a bullet that was fired from a gun less than one inch from the victim’s head.
Sirhan Sirhan was at least three feet in front of Kennedy when he began to shoot. In all, at least ten, possibly fourteen shots were fired that night; the alleged killer's gun contained only eight bullets and he never got the chance to reload the weapon.
Added to all of this mystification there were the dubious records of Sirhan’s defence counsel, the deliberate obfuscation of the Los Angles police department who destroyed key evidence taken from the Ambassador Hotel pantry where Kennedy was shot, as well as misplacing over 2000 key documents relating to the shooting, and the predictable response of J. Edgar Hoover. Days after the shooting, Hoover confirmed that the FBI’s investigation indicated that Sirhan Sirhan was the only person involved.
The elimination of Robert Kennedy from the 1968 presidential race paved the way for victory for Richard Nixon, the man Marcello had always supported. In fact in the 1960 race between Kennedy and Nixon, Carlos had donated $500,000 towards Nixon’s campaign. With Robert Kennedy dead and Nixon’s accession to the presidency on Jan 20, 1969, Carlos Marcello had now a thread even to the White House.
Norfio Pecora and Joe Poretto, two of Carlos’ top men, were each married to a sister of D’Aston Smith, a close associate of Marcello. He was a good friend and confident of Murray Chotiner, who was one of Nixon’s closet advisors and confidants. He was also closely connected to the L.A. mobster, Mickey Cohen. He became Nixon’s special counsel in 1971 and used his influence to help secure a presidential pardon for imprisoned labour leader Jimmy Hoffa, who was a very good friend of Carlos Marcello.
And so, the boss of the Louisiana Mafia was able to extend his reach into the White House.
It was no miracle that the two-year sentence imposed on Carlos for assaulting an FBI agent was reduced to six months, to be served in a comfortable medical centre.
Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) on October 7, 1952. A quasi-autobiographical book, От Первого Лица (Romanization: Ot Pervovo Litsa; the English-language title: First Person, the meaning of the Russian phrase being more polysemantic), based on his interviews, translated into English in 2000 and paid for by his election campaign, speaks of humble beginnings, including early years in a communal apartment. According to him, in his youth he was eager to emulate the intelligence officer characters played on the Soviet screen by actors such as Vyacheslav Tikhonov and Georgiy Zhzhonov.
His mother, Maria Ivanovna Putina, was a factory worker and his father, Vladimir Spiridonovich Putin, was conscripted into the Soviet Navy, where he served in the submarine fleet in the early 1930s. His father subsequently served with the NKVD in a sabotage group  during the Second World War. Two elder brothers were born in the mid-1930s; one died within a few months of birth; the second succumbed to diphtheria during the siege of Leningrad. His paternal grandfather, Spiridon Putin, had been Vladimir Lenin's and Joseph Stalin's personal cook.